Depletion of crude oil has arise the need to search for alternative fuels to run vehicles. The scarcity of fossil fuels around the globe has resulted in fuel prices hike which has further compelled car manufacturers to come up with cars that run on energy other than conventional fuels.
In addition, the growing environmental awareness and the proactive measures taken by the Government to promote fuel-efficient and environment friendly cars have also fuelled to increase the demand of cars that runs on alternative fuel.
Recently, the fast growing car industry has witnessed many advanced and innovative technologies that support the use of energy other than conventional fuels. The world of automobile now has alternatives like LPG (liquefied petroleum gas), CNG (compressed natural gas), hybrid cars
, electric cars, bio-fuel (ethanol, bio-diesel), hydrogen-and air-powered cars.LPG cars
have gained significance in India among other alternative fuels as it gives low running cost. Moreover, any petrol car can be transform into LPG by fitting a LPG kit. LPG is a clean-burning (emits less air pollutants) fossil fuel that is a by-product of petroleum refining. It is mainly composed of propane and butane and can be effectively used to power internal combustion engine. LPG comes in the form of factory produced kits that are positioned in high-pressure fuel tanks.
Today, many LPG-fitted cars are available around the world. However, in India, the trend of using LPG in cars is gradually taking pace with CNG.