With the arrival of monsoon season, the number of car accidents
adversely increases in the Indian road. Skidding is one of the major reasons of the mishap. A car skids when it looses the grip from the wheels. Some of the main causes of skidding are excessive change of brake resulting in wheel lock up, heavy acceleration, sudden change in direction, speed driving on wet or unsealed roads. There are different types of Skid that occurs due to above reasons.
In this type of skid, all four wheels lock up and the vehicle is swayed away along the direction of the momentum. Both the front and the rear wheel skids if not controlled in the early stage can result in four wheel skid. To achieve stability, lower the clutch and pump the brake at regular interval. This action will lock and unlock the brake simultaneously, while the brake unlock the motion of steering wheel
will stabilize the car.
Front-wheel skid (under steer): In this case, the car goes in a straight line instead of moving in the direction of the front wheels. Do not apply brake for this type of skid. Follow the steps below to control the car.
- Push in the clutch (if driving a manual car).
- Remove the foot off the accelerator.
- Turn the steering wheel in the direction that the car is moving.
- After regaining the control, let the clutch out.
Rear-wheel skid (over steer): In this type of skid, the rear of the car tilts out of the line. Again, do not apply brake in this situation. Repeat the steps given above for front-wheel skid control. These actions should be instantaneous to control the momentum in the rear end of the car in order to maintain the overall balance.